The BMP file format, also known as bitmap image file or device independent bitmap (DIB) file format or simply a bitmap, is a raster graphics image file format used to store bitmap digital images. The BMP file format is capable of storing 2D digital images of arbitrary width, height, and resolution, both monochrome and color, in various color depths, and optionally with data compression, alpha channels, and color profiles.
JPEG, Joint Photographic Experts Group, is a commonly used method of lossy compression for digital images, particularly for those images produced by digital photography. Click here to know more.
The format supports up to 8 bits per pixel for each image, allowing a single image to reference its own palette of up to 256 different colors chosen from the 24-bit RGB color space. It also supports animations and allows a separate palette of up to 256 colors for each frame.
PNG, Portable Network Graphics, is a lossless file format designed as a more open alternative to Graphics Interchange Format (GIF). Click here to know more.
Tagged Image File Format, abbreviated TIFF or TIF, is a computer file format for storing raster graphics images, popular among the publishing industry, and photographers. Click here to know more.
A PGM image represents a grayscale graphic image. There are many pseudo-PGM formats in use where everything is as specified herein except for the meaning of individual pixel values.
PPM is the portable pixel map format. It is a simple RGB color image description.
PDF stands for the Portable Document Format, used to display documents in an electronic form independent of the software, hardware or operating system they are viewed on. Click here to know more.
In computing, DOC or doc (an abbreviation of 'document') is a filename extension for word processing documents, most commonly in the Microsoft Word Binary File Format. Historically, the extension was used for documentation in plain text, particularly of programs or computer hardware on a wide range of operating systems.
A file with the DOCX file extension is a Word Microsoft Office Open XML Format Document file.
Microsoft Excel has the basic features of all spreadsheets,using a grid of cells arranged in numbered rows and letter-named columns to organize data manipulations like arithmetic operations. It has a battery of supplied functions to answer statistical, engineering and financial needs. In addition, it can display data as line graphs, histograms and charts, and with a very limited three-dimensional graphical display. It allows sectioning of data to view its dependencies on various factors for different perspectives (using pivot tables and the scenario manager).It has a programming aspect, Visual Basic for Applications, allowing the user to employ a wide variety of numerical methods, for example, for solving differential equations of mathematical physics,and then reporting the results back to the spreadsheet.
Electronic mail, most commonly referred to as email is a method of exchanging digital messages from an author to one or more recipients. Modern email operates across the Internet or other computer networks. Some early email systems required that the author and the recipient both be online at the same time, in common with instant messaging. Today's email systems are based on a store-and-forward model. Email servers accept, forward, deliver, and store messages. Neither the users nor their computers are required to be online simultaneously; they need connect only briefly, typically to an email server, for as long as it takes to send or receive messages.
Microsoft Visio is a diagramming and vector graphics application. Visio formats include VSD, VDX, VSDX and VSDM file formats. VSD is the proprietary binary file format used in all of versions of Visio prior to 2010 and VDX is the 2010 format based on their XML Schema. Visio 2013 supports the new VSDX and VSDM file formats.
PowerPoint presentations consist of a number of individual pages or slides. The slide analogy is a reference to the slide projector. A better analogy would be the foils (or transparencies/plastic sheets) that are shown with an overhead projector, although they are in decline now. Slides may contain text, graphics, sound, movies, and other objects, which may be arranged freely. The presentation can be printed, displayed live on a computer, or navigated through at the command of the presenter. For larger audiences the computer display is often projected using a video projector. Slides can also form the basis of webcasts.
The PPTX file type is primarily associated with Power Point by Microsoft Corporation. Microsoft promises the format will be open (published for anyone to use) and prior versions of Office, using components provided by Microsoft for Office 2000, XP, and 2003 will be available to perform document conversion. Remember that these are promises by Microsoft. We have yet to see the actuals. This format is not the same as the OpenDocument standard, also an XML-based standard being developed as a true open standard (see the OpenDocument Fellowship for more information)
PPS files are PowerPoint Slide Show files. These files automatically open in slide show/presentation mode.
A text file (sometimes spelled textfile: an old alternative name is flatfile) is a kind of computer file that is structured as a sequence of lines of electronic text. A text file exists within a computer file system. The end of a text file is often denoted by placing one or more special characters, known as an end-of-file marker, after the last line in a text file.
The Rich Text Format (often abbreviated RTF) is a proprietary document file format with published specification developed by Microsoft Corporation since 1987 for Microsoft products and for cross-platform document interchange. Most word processors are able to read and write some versions of RTF.There are several different revisions of RTF specification and portability of files will depend on what version of RTF is being used.RTF specifications are changed and published with major Microsoft Word and Office versions.
MODCA (Mixed Object Document Content Architecture), or MO:DCA, is an IBM compound document format for text and graphics elements in a document. Click here to know more.
PTOCA (The Presentation Text Object Content Architecture) is the data object used in document processing environments for representing text, which has been prepared for presentation. Each file contains one or more pages of text and is always included as part of a document in a MO:DCA file. Each page may reference a PTOCA Overlay, which is merged with the text as a background.
Image Object Content Architecture (IOCA) is the image layer used to hold generic form images , The IOCA provides a consistent way to represent images, including conventions and directions for processing and interchanging image information. IOCA files can be single or multi-paged, and can act as a stand-alone image file or integrate with a MO:DCA file.
In other words, this architecture:
Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) is a standard for handling, storing, printing, and transmitting information in medical imaging. DICOM files can be exchanged between two entities that are capable of receiving image and patient data in DICOM format.
ABIC file format is a raster file format created by IBM. This file format consists of ABIC compression/decompression algorithms that use an arithmetic coding technique to produce lossless data compression.
The CALS Raster file format is a standard file format for the interchange of graphics data. It was developed as part of the CALS DOD initiative. It defines a standard for encoding and compression of raster (bit-mapped) image data.
JBIG is a losslessimage compression standard from the Joint Bi-level Image Experts Group, standardized as ISO/IEC standard 11544 and as ITU-T recommendation T.82. It is widely implemented in fax machines.
JBIG2 is an image compression standard for bi-level images, developed by the Joint Bi-level Image Experts Group. It is suitable for both losslessand lossy compression.
The American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) is a character-encoding scheme originally based on the English alphabet that encodes 128 specified characters - the numbers 0-9, the letters a-z and A-Z, some basic punctuation symbols, some control codes that originated with Teletype machines, and a blank space - into the 7-bit binary integers.ASCII codes represent text in computers, communications equipment, and other devices that use text. Most modern character-encoding schemes are based on ASCII, though they support many additional characters.
Wmf Windows Metafile is an image file format originally designed for Microsoft Windowsin the 1990s. Windows Metafiles are intended to be portable between applications and may contain both vector graphics and bitmapcomponents.Essentially, a WMF file stores a list of function calls that have to be issued to the Windows Graphics Device Interface (GDI) layer to display an image on screen. WMF is a 16-bitformat introduced in Windows 3.0. It is the native vector format for Microsoft Officeapplications such as Word, PowerPoint, and Publisher.
DWG (DraWinG) is a binary file formatused for storing two and three dimensional design data and metadata. It is the native format for several CAD packages including DraftSight, AutoCAD, IntelliCAD(and its variants) and Caddie. In addition, DWG is supported non-natively by many other CAD applications.
Design Web Format (DWF) is a secure file format developed by Autodesk for the efficient distribution and communication of rich design data to anyone who needs to view, review, or print design files. Because DWF files are highly compressed, they are smaller and faster to transmit than design files, without the overhead associated with complex CAD drawings (or the management of external links and dependencies). With DWF functionality, publishers of design data can limit the specific design data and plot styles to only what they want recipients to see and can publish multisheet drawing sets from multiple AutoCAD drawings in a single DWF file. They can also publish 3D models from most Autodesk design applications.
AutoCAD DXF (Drawing Interchange Format, or Drawing Exchange Format) is a CAD data file format developed by Autodesk for enabling data interoperability between AutoCAD and other programs.
PCX standing for Personal Computer Exchange, is an image file format for PC Paintbrush and became one of the first widely accepted DOS imaging standards, PCX files commonly stored palette-indexed images ranging from 2 or 4 colors to 16 and 256 colors, although the format has been extended to record true-color (24-bit) images as well.
The DCX file format allows multiple pages to be stored in one file. A DCX file has a header followed by pages. Each page is exactly the same as a PCX file, including the PCX header for each bitmap.
JPEG 2000 is an image coding system that uses state-of-the-art compression techniques based on wavelet technology and offers an extremely high level of scalability and accessibility. Click here to know more.
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is the standard markup language for documents designed to be displayed in a web browser. Click here to know more.
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